Knowledgebase: WinGate
Users in WinGate
Posted by Adrien de Croy (Import) on 30 January 2004 06:09 PM
Users in WinGate can be configured and stored in two ways in WinGate.Either using the WinGate User database, or the Windows NT user database (which requires WinGate to be running or have access to a Windows NT machine in order to utilize its user database).

WinGate Database

When first installed, WinGate creates two user accounts by default in its database, Administrator and Guest. It also creates two group accounts, Administrators and Users.

All subsequent users that are added to the WinGate User database are included in the Users group. These users can be configured to not be part of this group, but this membership is set by default to allow functionality with minimal configuration.

To add a user:
  1. Open GateKeeper on the WinGate server
  2. Select the Users tab and double click on the User icon or right click anywhere in the pane and select Add new user.
  3. Under the Properties for new user dialog that appears, configure the appropriate details as required, selecting the groups that the user will belong to etc.
Please Note:
The WinGate user database is similar to the User and Group model used in NT, where permissions can be set against individuals or groups, and enforced according to a user’s group membership.
E.g. Nigel is a user who belongs to the Sales group. The Sales group through a particular policy is not allowed to access WWW proxy, and so, since Nigel a member of the Sales group he in turn will be denied access.

NT database option

WinGate can be set to use the NT user database if WinGate is running on an NT machine or by synchronising with a Primary Domain Controller. (Find out how to synchronise and use a Primary Domain Controller database click here).
By selecting this database option all users and groups will be authenticated using the information in the Windows NT database rather then WinGate’s own database. This can be initiated by doing the following:
  1. Open GateKeeper on the WinGate server.
  2. Select the Users tab.
  3. Double click the Database options icon.
  4. Select the Windows NT/2000/Xp pro User Database option.
  5. Click the Synchronize now button.
  6. Click OK.
You should now see all of the users and groups from the NT user database appear in the Users tab.

You can select whether WinGate will check passwords against WinGate accounts, or NT accounts (or both if there is the same “User” in each database) in the User Authentication at the bottom of the User database. Setting it to use either means for example that a user called Bill who has an NT Account/password and a WinGate Account/password can use either to authenticate through WinGate.

Please Note
As per the WinGate helpfile, the NT user database cannot be used to authenticate user via the Java logon authentication method.
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